How harmful is alcohol for health can be, is already known for years. And yet, more and more drunk, the result of an international study in the journal “The Lancet is the world”. An analysis of data from 189 countries, found that the alcohol consumption of the world’s population increased from 1990 to 2017, by 70 percent. The cause of the increase in population and the greater consumption per capita. However, there were large regional differences. While he grew up, for example, in China, India and Vietnam, it will be in the Eastern European countries of the high level significantly decreased. In Germany, the researchers observed a Stagnation with a slightly decreasing Trend.
Global potion in 1990, every man from 15 to 99 years an average of 5.9 litres equivalent of pure alcohol. By 2017, this consumption increased to 6.5 liters. For the arrangement: half A Liter of beer contains about 20 grams of pure alcohol. In Germany, as in other high-income countries stagnated or declined, the Numbers, according to the study, however: in 1990, this country is still 16,32 Liter were drinking pure alcohol, in 2010 it was only 12,95 Liter. In 2017, a slight increase on 13,05 Liter followed. By 2030, scientists predict, however, a consumption of 11.63 liters.
“Our study provides a comprehensive Overview of the changing landscape of the global alcohol consumption,” sums up psychologist Manthey. “Before 1990, most of the alcohol in high-income countries was consumed with the highest Levels in Europe. This pattern has changed significantly, with strong reductions in Eastern Europe and tremendous growth in several middle-income countries, such as China, India and Vietnam.” This Trend is expected to continue until 2030, so that Europe will then have the highest alcohol consumption, Manthey.
A further observation of the study: The number of life-long abstainers remained globally approximately stable (1990: 46% 2017: 43 per cent), as well as the heavy drinker (1990: 18.5%, 2017: 20%). The researchers estimate that these data are unlikely to change, however, the amount of alcohol consumed will grow stronger as the number of drinkers – with corresponding health consequences.
In a comment to the study, which was also published in The Lancet, warn that the Addiction doctor Sarah Callinan of the Australian La Trobe University and Michael Livingston from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, however, to enjoy the advance of the study to say with caution. So accurate forecasts to alcohol consumption, and economic growth very difficult to. Nevertheless, just countries with low and middle incomes should adjust their drug policy, as is to be expected here, thus, is that people drink more in the future. Examples from high-income countries have shown that higher prices or a reduction in the availability could be effective, write Callinan and Livingston. At the same time prohibitions or restrictions on meaningful measures of advertising – also against the resistance of the industry.