Type 2 diabetes is a condition that causes the body not to respond to insulin properly, and the body may not produce enough. This can cause a person’s blood glucose levels become too high, increasing the risk of serious complications, including kidney failure, nerve damage, heart attack and stroke. Regularly eating a poor diet can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes, so making some small changes to what you eat is important. Experts say there’s nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but certain foods should be limited.
Avocado has become a popular breakfast food over the last few years, but has also been shown to be beneficial to blood sugar levels
As a general rule you should eat a wide range of foods, including fruit, vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta, and keep sugar fat and salt to a minimum.
It’s also important to eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day and not to skip meals.
But when it comes to the first meal of the day, breakfast, what foods are considered best?
Avocado has become a popular breakfast food over the last few years, but has also been shown to be beneficial to blood sugar levels.
Firstly, the creamy green fruit is low in carbohydrates, which means they have little effect on blood sugar levels.
A study published in Nutrition Journal evaluated the effects of adding half an avocado to the standard lunch of healthy, overweight people.
The researchers found avocados do not significantly impact blood sugar levels.
As well as being low in carbohydrates, avocados are high in fibre, which can also be beneficial to blood sugar levels.
A 2012 review published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine looked at the results of 15 studies involving fibre supplements for people with type 2 diabetes.
They found fibre supplements for type 2 diabetes can reduce fasting blood sugar levels.
Being overweight is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, but avocados may aid weight loss, as well as improve insulin sensitivity.
The healthy fats found in avocado can help people feel full for longer.
In one study, after adding half an avocado to their lunches, participants had a 26 per cent increase in meal satisfaction and a 40 per cent decrease in desire to eat more.
Additionally a 2007 study evaluated different weight loss plans in people with decreased insulin sensitivity.
The researchers found a weight loss diet high in monounsaturated fats improves insulin sensitivity in a way not seen in a comparable high-carb diet.
Eating berries for breakfast could also help lower blood sugar.
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