Older Americans are risking coronavirus exposure to get their medications
, University of Michigan
It’s been nearly a month since the U.S. government began urging older Americans to stay home to avoid exposure to the new coronavirus. That means many older adults may be running out of their usual 30-day supplies of medication.
As the pandemic continues to spread, they increasingly face a difficult challenge: how to get the medications they need without putting themselves at risk.
As health services researchers at the University of Michigan, we recently conducted a national survey to see how Americans over age 65 were responding to that dilemma. The results should be a call to action, both for older adults and for those who care about them.
A national survey shines light on risky choices
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that older adults and anyone with chronic health conditions keep several weeks of medication on hand. However, our research found that most older adults had not followed this recommendation.
We surveyed over 1,400 adults ages 65 and older across the United States in late March and asked them questions about what they thought was the right thing to do about medications amid the coronavirus pandemic.
This was a high-risk group. In addition to being over 65, which itself is a risk factor for serious illness from COVID-19, more than 75% of participants also reported health conditions like heart disease or diabetes that further increase their risk of serious complications if they get COVID-19. The online survey, not yet published, has a margin of error of 3%.
As we anticipated, most older adults thought that COVID-19 was very serious.
However, only about 12% of the older adults who reported typically taking prescription medications also said they had tried to obtain more than their usual supply.
More than half indicated that they planned to keep going to the pharmacy to get refills as they normally would, despite the risk of coming in contact with someone infected with the coronavirus.
Even more concerning, the respondents who had multiple chronic health conditions were just as likely to say they would physically go to the pharmacy themselves as those who did not have additional risk factors. Those facing the greatest health risks if they were to get COVID-19 were behaving similarly as those at much lower risk.
Running out of medications is also a problem
While it is always important for older adults to take their medications, it is critical right now.
Older adults who ration or stop necessary medications are at increased risk for being hospitalized, which increases their chances of getting COVID-19. Furthermore, given the shortfall of hospital resources, there is a risk in some areas that a hospital bed might not be available.
If older adults go into a store to pick up their medications, they are also at an increased risk of being exposed to the coronavirus. Those who become ill with COVID-19 are more likely to be hospitalized and die from it than younger patients, and those who have chronic conditions are even more at risk.
How to safely obtain your medications
Recognizing the risks, some states are taking measures to make it easier for people to get their medications.
For example, pharmacists in Georgia can now dispense 90 days of a non-controlled medication if the prescriber cannot be reached. Michigan’s governor signed an executive order allowing pharmacists to dispense emergency refills of up to 60 days for non-controlled medications and to substitute a different medication that works the same way in the event of a critical shortage.
Pharmacies are also increasingly providing services to help patients obtain the medications they need. And there are tactics people can use to can help avoid exposure.
First, consider whether you can avoid going to the pharmacy entirely:
Second, if you do need to go to the pharmacy, try to limit your potential exposure to other people:
Third, limit how many times you need to go to the pharmacy:
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