Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis is part of a major international study aimed at identifying causes and effects of the early stages of schizophrenia in young people, with the goal of improving early diagnosis and treatment. The mental illness is characterized by alterations in thoughts, feelings and behaviors, which may include psychosis,
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Over the past several years, there has been an increased research output in the field of language acquisition and its effects on the brain. This is especially true with regards to the effects of bilingualism. Language acquisition has been shown to impact neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity is the ability of the brain to undergo structural changes in
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Nanomedicine refers to the application of nanoparticles for disease diagnosis, treatment, and prophylactic purposes. Nanomedicine has widely been used to develop therapeutic interventions against a variety of viral infections, including hepatitis B virus, human immunodeficiency virus, respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, and coronaviruses. Image Credit: Corona Borealis Studio/Shutterstock.com Nanomedicines in coronavirus disease 2019 Nanoparticles used in
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By Keynote ContributorProfessor Damian SmedleyQueen Mary University of London and Genomics England Written by Keynote Contributor, Professor Damian Smedley. Rare diseases affect 6-8% of the world’s population and, although we know that small changes in the patient’s DNA are responsible for causing the majority of cases, most people wait several years before they are diagnosed
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Herpes zoster (HZ), or shingles, is a painful outbreak of skin lesions caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) along a dermatome (an area of skin supplied by sensory neurons). Following initial infection with the virus, it persists in a latent form in the sensory ganglia of the affected dermatome. The virus can
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For hard-to-treat leukemias, lymphomas and other blood cancers, stem cell transplantation is the gold standard of care. The procedure involves replacing a patient’s own blood-forming stem cells with a donor’s stem cells and, in the process, eradicating cancer cells in the blood, lymph nodes and bone marrow. But many patients with such deadly blood cancers
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  Written by Keynote Contributer, Dr. Alexander Sweetman.   Sleep and mood are closely related through bi-directional associations. Indeed, a night of poor quality or interrupted sleep can lead to feelings of lethargy, fatigue, and poor mood the following day. On the other hand, a depressed mood can result in more time spent lying awake
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KHN Midwest correspondent Bram Sable-Smith discussed how the pandemic has exacerbated violence in hospitals on Wisconsin Public Radio’s “The Morning Show” on Wednesday. Click here to hear Sable-Smith on “The Morning Show“ Read Sable-Smith’s “‘Are You Going to Keep Me Safe?’ Hospital Workers Sound Alarm on Rising Violence” KHN chief Washington correspondent Julie Rovner discussed
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Long before Dr. Norman Vincent Peale wrote his best-selling book on The Power of Positive Thinking, people knew that those who tended to think negatively about life in general, and their own circumstances in particular, were more likely to be sick than cheerful and optimistic individuals. Image Credit: ntkris/Shutterstock.com Background Exceptions occur, of course, but
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One of the most exciting things to look forward to when a new baby is about to be born is the question, will it be a girl or a boy? While many and astonishingly diverse answers have been offered to this query, the use of modern ultrasonography offers an accurate answer from early pregnancy onwards.
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