IntroductionThe concept of eradicationChallengesReferencesFurther reading  Eradicating a disease has proven challenging for a variety of reasons, not least of all it has been difficult to conceptualize and define what exactly eradication of disease really means. This article considers some of the factors that currently pose a challenge to the notion of disease eradication with a
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What is a heart attack?What are the treatment options for a heart attack?How to recover from a heart attackCardiac rehabilitationMedicationsReferences Further reading Heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction, occurs when the blood supply to the heart is blocked suddenly. The condition can be fatal if left untreated. Timely recovery of normal activity is possible after
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Key breath metabolitesCommon techniques associated with breath analysisCollection and analysis of stored breath samplesDiagnosis of disease using volatile biomarkersCommercial production of breath analyzers for disease detectionReferences Further reading Breath is an important matrix for analyzing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are generated within the body. These compounds travel through the blood in the body, reach the
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IntroductionWhat is dementia?Symptoms of DementiaTen myths and misconceptions about dementiaReferences People worry that they or someone close will get dementia when they get older. But what is dementia, and does it even exist? This article will look at what dementia is before examining ten common misconceptions associated with the disease. Image Credit: Salim Hanzaz/Shutterstock.com What is
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IntroductionWhat are antibiotics?History of antibioticsCommencement of the antibiotic eraFirst clinical use of antibioticsThe golden age of antibiotic discoveryDevelopments in antibiotic discovery  ReferencesFurther reading Antibiotics are medicines used to treat bacterial infections. Traces of antibiotics were found in human skeletons from ancient times dating back to 350 – 550 CE. In the ancient Egyptian era, molds
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IntroductionCauses and symptomsEpidemiologyDiagnosisTreatment and managementReferencesFurther reading Zellweger spectrum disorders (ZSDs) are a group of rare genetic diseases marked by a lack of functional peroxisomes caused by mutations in various PEX genes. Zellweger spectrum diseases are a subset of peroxisome biogenesis disorders that span a clinical spectrum of severity from severe to lesser phenotypes. Several metabolite
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IntroductionWhy HIV/AIDS Costs are Difficult to AscertainDrug Designs That Have Buffered the Economic Impact of HIV/AIDSHow has HIV/AIDS Affected the MarketHow we can Presently Avert the Economic Hardships of HIV/AIDSReferences AIDS has been placing stress on the world economy since the early 90s, whether it be government, the private sector, or individual households. With the
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Precision medicine is the new term for personalized medicine. Sounds simple, but is it? The latter term began to slide out of favor once President Obama introduced the Precision Medicine Initiative in 2015. Image Credit: PopTika/Shutterstock.com Introduction Healthcare providers have always been anxious to make their treatments as effective and safe as possible for the
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One of the greatest frustrations regarding urinary tract infections (UTIs) is that they so often recur. UTIs are caused by bacteria in the urinary tract and characterized by frequent and painful urination. A round of antibiotics usually clears up the symptoms, but the relief is often temporary: A quarter of women go on to develop
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Eating disorders are characterized by altered eating behavior that negatively impacts a person’s physical and mental health. Some recent evidence has suggested that the use of social media may partially influence the eating behaviors of children and adolescents, leading to an increased prevalence of eating disorders. Eating disorder concept. Image Credit: Tero Vesalainen/Shutterstock.com What are
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